Hunt Public Land Deer
Day 1: Hunt Swamps and Other Public Lands for Deer
Editor’s Note: Fifty-year-old Kevin Hutchings, from Howell, Michigan, which is located close to Ann Arbor, has been hunting deer as long as he can remember.
Because I spend a lot of time up in trees, I like Mossy Oak Treestand (http://www.mossyoak.com/camouflage/treestand.aspx) pattern the best. Mostly, I hunt public lands. Michigan is one of the states with a tremendous number of deer hunters. For too many years, I think we've been studying how to find and hunt deer, instead of concentrating on what causes deer to be at certain places at specific times. For me, the real key to hunting deer on public lands is to try and find places that are extremely difficult for other sportsmen to reach to hunt. Most hunters want an easy in, easy out stroll to their deer stands, but I've learned that I either have to find a swamp that no one wants to go into, or I have to crawl and scratch to get to places where no one else wants to hunt to be successful. Most of the time I hunt public land with rolling terrain, hills, dips and swamps, at least a mile from any access road. Much of the public land I hunt has horse trails or bicycle trails that I can use to walk in about a mile or more before I start hunting. When I leave the horse trail or the bike trail, I look for either thick cover or swampy type terrain. Most of the time, I’ll travel about 200 yards or more off those trails to find some rough places to hunt. Primarily, I like to hunt in swamps where dry land creates a pinch point that deer can enter the swamps, cross the swamps and get to dry land on the other side. Another factor that hunters often overlook is that deer will bed in the swamps - possibly on a dry spot on a little patch of weeds that may only be 3-4 feet in circumference. By bedding down in a place like this, they can hear, see and smell any hunters coming to them. I have friends who wear waders, or if the water gets up too high, they’ll use a canoe to hunt deer. But I don’t get out in water that’s any deeper than knee-high rubber boots myself.
On much of the public land where I hunt, there are cornfields on the edges of the public lands. I’ve found that the highest number of hunters often will be on the trails leading into and out of those cornfields. In the swamps, I’ll often locate land out of the water where there are acorn trees. When the hunting pressure builds-up on the cornfields, I’ve found the deer will feed on acorns during daylight hours and on the corn at night. One of the advantages I have by hunting in the swamp is that in the afternoon, the deer bedding on the high spots in the swamp will begin moving toward the cornfields before dark. I’ll hear them splashing in the water.
If I set-up on a pinch point where all the deer are funneling into the swamp from where they're bedding, I can see deer activity that other hunters won’t spot. An ideal place for me to hunt is a narrow strip of land with water on both sides, and some oak trees dropping acorns, maybe 50 to 100 yards out in the swamp. The good news about finding a place like this is that the deer will be using that kind of pinch point to go back and forth to their bedding area and to their primary food source - the cornfields. If there’s an obvious feeding site like a cornfield, most public-land hunters will hunt around the corn. However, often, they forget that the deer also like acorns, and their movement patterns are directly affected by the amount of hunting pressure they encounter.
Now, the deer don’t stop feeding on corn. Most of the time the corn is on private land just off the public land, so they’ll have to feed on that corn at night once the hunters have left the woods. Hunters hunting active trails in and out of the corn and fresh trails that go out toward the corn may not realize that those deer are going to the cornfield at night or before daylight. So, I'm actually hunting their secondary food source – the acorns – that’s on high ground out in the flooded timber. I'm not really hunting over the acorns. I'm hunting the trail that comes from the cornfield and goes out into the swamp.
I hunt most state and federal lands that can be as small as 100 acres or perhaps several thousand acres. I concentrate on areas that are 1,000 acres or more, because these places are where you usually have the highest hunting pressure. I put my tree stand at a 90-degree angle to the trails that the deer are using to enter or exit the swamp. I like to be able to shoot accurately all the way across the pinch point, because the deer don’t always come down a trail in the middle of the pinch point. Sometimes, they’ll come down one side or the other side of the water, so I want to be able to shoot across the pinch point.
Another reason I like to get well away from access roads is because most hunters fear the thought of taking a buck in one of these gnarly places away from a road. They realize they’ll have to drag him through briars and brambles and possibly a mile or more to get back to the truck. These hunters almost seem afraid of being successful. Although most public land hunters want an easy hunt, I've learned that deer hunting is like any other form of work. The more effort you put into it; the better results you'll get from that work. Another advantage I have is that I hunt public land that I've hunted for years. So, I've learned the deer’s movement patterns, but more importantly, I've learned the hunters’ movement patterns.
To get John E. Phillips’ Kindle eBooks and print books on hunting deer, “How to Hunt and Take Big Buck Deer on Small Properties,” “How to Hunt Deer Up Close: With Bows, Rifles, Muzzleloaders and Crossbows,” “PhD Whitetails: How to Hunt and Take the Smartest Deer on Any Property,” “How to Take Monster Bucks,” “How to Hunt Deer Like a Pro,” and “Bowhunting Deer: Mossy Oak Pros Know Bucks and Bows,” or to prepare venison, “Deer & Fixings,” click here on each. Or, go to www.amazon.com/kindle-ebooks, type in the name of the book, and download it to your Kindle, and/or download a Kindle app for your iPad, SmartPhone or computer.
For information on making jerky from your deer to provide a protein-rich snack, you can download a free book from http://johninthewild.com/free-books.
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About the Author
John Phillips, winner of the 2012 Homer Circle Fishing Award for outstanding fishing writer by the American Sportfishing Association (ASA) and the Professional Outdoor Media Association (POMA), the 2008 Crossbow Communicator of the year and the 2007 Legendary Communicator chosen for induction into the National Fresh Water Hall of Fame, is a freelance writer (over 6,000 magazine articles for about 100 magazines and several thousand newspaper columns published), magazine editor, photographer for print media as well as industry catalogues (over 25,000 photos published), lecturer, outdoor consultant, marketing consultant, book author and daily internet content provider with an overview of the outdoors. Click here for more information and a list of all the books available from John E. Phillips.